Plastic Waste In Indonesia: Problems & Solutions

06 Nov 2017

Plastic waste in Indonesia – The hustle and bustle in the capital city sometimes make us oblivious to what surrounds us. This time, Puraana takes you to open the eyes at one of the biggest environmental crisis in the world, which is plastic waste. Let’s take a look at the condition of plastic waste in Indonesia.

Plastic Waste In Indonesia

masalah sampah plastik dan solusiinya

Illustration for plastic waste | Pexels.com

Indonesia takes the second place as the biggest plastic waste producer in the world after China. Cited from Nature.com, Indonesia is predicted to waste around 200 thousand tons of plastic on rivers especially in Java and Sumatra. This then ended up in the ocean around 1.15 to 1.41 million tons of plastic waste every year.

  1. Impact of Plastic Waste on the Ocean

Being number 2 highest in contributing plastic waste to the ocean is certainly not something to be proud of. This is because plastic belongs to non-organic waste, which could not degrade by itself and takes time even thousand of years to perish.

Plastic waste that roam around the ocean could threathen its ecosystem. Plastic produces dangerous chemical substance which pollute the ocean and cause health risk to the animals living in the ocean. This also impacts to the human when they consume sea animals that contain pollutants.

  1. Impact of Plastic Waste to Soil

Plastic waste is not exclusively dangerous to the marine environment, but also to the mainland. Plastic waste that are buried under the soil impact aggresively to soil fertility.

From then, the toxicants produced by the chemical substance from plastic could kill decomposers inside the soil. This chemical contamination could also cause risk in extinction of mainland animals.

  1. Plastic Waste Impact on Air

Burning plastic waste in the open air could lead to air pollution to the surrounding environment caused by the release of toxicants from plastic. In long term, the air pollution caused by burning plastic waste is disadvantagous to human’s health.

Solution to Plastic Waste

Regardless of the dangers of plastic waste as well as how is the condition in Indonesia experienced on plastic waste, there are several solutions we can apply. Here are some simple and convenient solutions that you can apply in daily life:

  1. Minimize the use of plastic bags

The easiest method you can start now is to use bags made out of reusable cloth when doing your regular shopping. You can also use bags that have different material beside cloth, like recycled plastic and metals.

  1. Separating garbage

If you’re used to put every trash in one place, then this is the time to change that habit. Start by placing two different types of waste to their own trash cans at home. Separate them as organic waste and non-organic waste. Besides helping save the environment and increase the possibility to recycle the waste, by not putting two different kinds of waste into one place could prevent unflattering smell around the house.

  1. Implement the 4R (Replace, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle)
  • Replace

Instead of using disposable or one-time use products, start to use more environmental-friendly products. Avoid using styrofoams by using lunch box made out of stainless steel and get rid of plastic utensils completely.

  • Reduce

In order to decrease waste in the landfills, we should start reduce the waste from ourselves. Citizens in the capital city are used to fast-pace lifestyle often consume packaged foods and beverages. Start by bringing your own water bottle. It’s better to use whatever available at home, but if you don’t own a water bottle, we suggest to use bottles that are made from stainless steel to decrease plastic products.

  • Reuse

There are a lot of creative ways to keep value for use in used/old items, especially to non-organic waste that could not be parsed by itself. Here are some examples to creatively reuse old items you have at home.

  • Recycle

Recycling is not an easy thing to do because it needs special handling. One of the easy ways to recycle is by recycling papers, cardboxes, and other products.

  1. Trade your old items to Puraana

Another easy way to manage non-organic waste at home is through Puraana. You can trade in your old items like plastic products, electronics, clothes, and accessories. All you have to do is to sort your items that you no longer use or want to get rid of, list them on Puraana app, and wait for the courir to pick up your items according to the schedule you set.

Not only you have contributed to the environment, every time you trade your old items at Puraana, you will be rewarded with digital money P-Money and digital coupon P-Coupon. Click here for more information about P-Money and P-Coupon.

So, are you ready to contribute to your environment? There are no complicated ways to start, the tips mentioned above are the easiest ways you can do. Let’s start living green and produce zero waste!

Sumber: Nature, National Geographic

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